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Tuesday, May 5, 2020


The 2019 Greenlandic women's championship was held in the capital, Nuuk, last August, and took on a new form after the KAK (the Greenlandic FA) decided that it would culminate in a four-team mini-tournament for the first time. This was in part due to the fact that, in recent years, there have been a number of teams taking part in regional championships and teams qualifying for the final tournament and then dropping out, but also because the KAK felt that there were too many one-sided matches at previous tournaments, something they claimed spectators didn't enjoy.

Three of the four teams who made it through to the "Final 4", as the tournament was christened - champions GSS, last year's runners-up NÛK and B-67 - featured in last year's edition, whilst I-69, who, along with NÛK, had dominated Greenlandic women's football in recent years but who had declined to take part in last year's competition due to a lack of interest and a decision to rebuild the team, made it through the regional qualifiers to have a crack at regaining top spot. The other three teams qualified via the Mid-Greenland regional championship.

B-67 finished runners-up in 2017, though the bulk of the team played for GSS' all-conquering handball side as their club didn't have a women's team at the time. Once this was established, they defected to GSS and won last year's tournament with ease. B-67's squad was a mix of youth and experience, with a clutch of players under 16 years old. At least four of the squad over 40 years old, and two of them were in their mid-50s. They were swept aside by NÛK, a team eager to gain revenge for last year's 6:1 drubbing in the final against GSS, and got off to a flying start, scoring eleven against B-67 without reply, Arnaq Egede scoring five of their total and Pilu Chemnitz bagging a hat-trick.

Many of the GSS squad had also starred in their national championship triumph three months before the football tournament began. They beat NÛK in the final, and several of the losing side then would be also taking part in this competition for NÛK. GSS' footballers started their title defence in some style, beating I-69 7:1; their 15-year-old goal-machine Asii Kleist Berthelsen, now resident in Denmark and playing for Danish champions Hjørring, continued her fine goalscoring form at national championships by scoring twice, as did Najaaja Anja Lyberth and Nunuu-Marie Lukassen.

Berthelsen scored seven, Lukassen scored a hat-trick and Juanita Fleischer and Pillunguaq Broberg each scored twice as GSS swept aside B-67 15:0 in their next match, as they qualified for the final with ease, where they would meet NÛK, who disposed of I-69 by six goals to nil. Arnaq Egede and Emma Hansen scored a brace apiece for the northerners.

The final of round of group matches were little more than dress-rehearsals for both the final and the third-place play-off; the latter would feature I-69 and B-67, and the match gave B-67 a taste of what they could expect in the third-place match as I-69 simply ran riot. Exorcising their demons from the first two games, I-69 steamed into the lead and did not let up. Mikkala Tobiassen scored five goals as they demolished the Nuuk side 18:0; Patricia Semionsen and Niviaq Lange joined in the fun, each scoring a hat-trick as seven different players got on the scoresheet, including goalkeeper Mona Jensen.

As one would expect, the final group game between GSS and NÛK was a somewhat tighter affair, but there was a familiar name on the scoresheet - Asii Kleist Berthelsen put the champions in front just after the quarter-hour mark, but Arnaq Egede levelled after an hour, netting her eighth goal of the competition. However, any hopes NÛK had of gaining a psychological advantage going into the final were quickly snuffed out as Berthelsen quickly put GSS back in front, and then scored her third (and her twelfth of the tournament) to tie up the game with just under twenty minutes to go.

I-69 and B-67 squared up against each other in the third-place play-off, with I-69 very much the favourites to win the bronze medal, and that is exactly how it turned out, with the team from Ilulissat routing the girls from the capital.

Once the bandana-wearing Evie Lerch pounced on a loose ball in the B-67 box and fired the ball into the back of the net after five minutes, the die was cast. I-69 were six goals to the good after half an hour, and despite making a couple of good saves during that period, B-67's veteran goalkeeper Paornannguaq Jessen could have done better with three of the goals she conceded. I-69 added a further three goals before the break, with Lerch grabbing a well-deserved hat-trick, but B-67 did pull a goal back through the impressive - and ebullient - Ina Lynge Pedersen, who had tested Mona Jensen in the I-69 goal on a couple of occasions previously.

She played a one-two with the gutsy Aia Jeppsen, and then went on a run.and ran..and ran, beating one defender and dispossessing another before lifting a shot across Jensen into the far corner to open her team's account in the tournament. The celebrations after the goal were a lovely thing to witness and went on for minutes after the goal; every stoppage saw Pedersen get a high five from one of her team-mates, and also a hug and a whirl from substitute Nivi Vinther, who had just come on for the injured Tippi Ajaaja Geisler.

Alas for the girls from the capital, I-69 continued their goal-spree in the second half, adding another five goals to their tally as early substitute Karen-Louise Vetterlain completed her hat-trick, a just reward for her industry. Mikkala Tobiassen and Maila Clasen scored two apiece; they also hit the woodwork more than once, with the most bizarre miss coming when one of their substitute Niviaq Larsen got on the end of a cross in front of an empty net with goalkeeper Jessen yards away, only to somehow drive the ball against outside of the far post from three yards out, and Vetterlain hit the post seconds later. If that was bad, I-69's final goal, scored with two minutes to go before the end of the statutory 90 minutes, bordered on the farcical.

Linda Løvstrøm delivered a corner from the left-hand side, and the ended up at the far side of the six-yard box, where Monica Mathiessen shinned it forward; it first of all deflected off defender Milla Steenholdt, then rolled down the elbow of hapless team-mate Magdalina Lange, who twisted round, inadvertently back-heeled the ball towards goal, where a surprised - and equally unfortunate - Jessen, got a hand to it, but couldn't prevent it going over the line for I-69's fourteenth.

B-67 were plucky, but there was a clear difference in stamina and technical ability between the two sides. B-67, who have appeared in seven finals and lost them all, didn't qualify for the 2018 tournament, whilst I-69 didn't even enter the 2018 championship in order to rebuild after some in-club ructions and a third-place finish in 2017.

If B-67 can keep hold of the likes of Ina Lynge Pedersen, Nivinnguaq Rasmussen and Juliet Egede, there is a good chance that they will eventually have the makings of a decent team. As it was, all of them, plus the evergreen Louise Jakobsen, who played very well, especially in the second half when she drove the team on, gave the I-69 defence some headaches late on, and captain Laakki Egede did her best to steady the ship at the back alongside namesake Juliet, encouraging one and all to keep their heads up even in the face of inevitable and heavy defeat.And, this team definitely has character; they defended stubbornly and kept trying to pile forward in numbers whilst playing some good football at times. If improvement can be made with regard to all-round fitness and technical skills, this team could go a long way. The enthusiasm is there.

I-69 have some good up-and-coming players, and it will not be a surprise if the team from Ilulissat are back where they would say they belong before too long. Karen-Louise Vetterlain, Mikkala Tobiassen, Evi Lerch, Patricia Semionsen and Linda Løvstrøm are experienced players who will help bring the new generation through, and there are some promising players in the squad. Monika Iversen, the youngest player in the tournament at just 14 years and a couple of weeks old, Niviaq Larsen and Maila Clasen are just three of those who will, all being well, help shape the future of Greenlandic football for years to come, perhaps even at national level. 

Both teams employed a mix of youth and experience; B-67 had the two oldest players in the tournament with the 58-year-old Jessen in goal and Johanne Thorning also in the squad, and Najaaraq Nielsen joining them in the over-50s club. A total of seven players in B-67's squad were over 35 years old, whilst a further seven were 16 or under when the tournament began. Seven of I-69's squad at the championship play-offs were under 16, with Iversen, Larsen and Monica Mathiessen all just 14 years old; three of the squad were over 30 years old. (One small note, however, and it has nothing to do with the players of either team, rather their kit; it would be better for everyone watching matches at the tournament in future if the numbers on the back of the shirts were legible.)

Both I-69 and B-67 will challenge for the title at some point in the future, but at this tournament, it was all about holders GSS and city rivals NÛK, and GSS were looking to retain the title they won for the very first time last year. NÛK, meanwhile, were aiming to regain the title they last won in 2017; title win this time would be their eleventh overall. GSS dominated the first half, with Asii Kleist Berthelsen, Nivi Fleischer Berthelsen and Najaaja Anja Lyberth running the show; Maanguaq Pedersen, Victoria Black and Christina Lange performing heroics for NÛK. Kleist Berthelsen scored with a free-kick which was probably more meant to be a ball into the box, but the flight of the ball deceived Annalunnguaq Møch and it floated over her head and into the back of the net.

NÛK dominated the last 5-10 minutes of the first half, and early on in the second half, Black headed in from a corner-kick, beating the keeper and a defender to the ball to bring NÛK level to cue her being mobbed by delirious team-mates.

Shortly afterwards, NÛK almost took the lead. After a determined run down the left from Egede, she shook off Lykke Hansen and passed the ball into Aili Pedersen, who evaded the attentions of Nivi Fleischer Berthelsen on the left-hand side of the box before digging the ball from between her feet and scuffing the ball towards goal from 15 yards out. The ball trundled towards goal and beat Nivi Petersen, who ponderously flopped to the ground in an attempt to get to the ball, and she got enough of a touch on the ball to divert it on to the inside of the post and away to safety.

After a bit of a lull in play, NÛK began to get more of the ball, though Aili Pedersen was booked for a flying tackle on Juanita Fleischer before Arnaq Egede for NÛK and Asii Kleist Berthelsen sent the ball into orbit with shots on goal at either end.

And, then, against the run of play, GSS took the lead, and the goal was truly something to admire. Truth be told, it was all the work of captain Najaaja Anja Lyberth, and it began when she dispossessed Christina Lange on the left-hand touchline ten yards from the edge of her penalty-area. She simply cut through the NÛK midfield, beating another four players before darting into the opposition box and poking the ball past the hesitant Mørch.

With seven minutes left on the clock, GSS scored a third goal, and Lyberth was again heavily involved, going on yet another rumbustious run before indulging in a one-two with Pillunguaq Broberg and laying the ball in the path of Kleist Berthelsen, who let fly from some thirty yards. Despite the best efforts of players such as Black, Karo Dahl and the effervescent Pedersen, there was no way back for NÛK. As the clock ticked down, GSS were in the ascendancy. Nivi Fleischer Berthelsen had been called to the line and was replaced by Vivi Fleischer, who has been suffering from a rare, debilitating illness for a couple of years and was continuing to receive treatment, but like last year, she had proved her worth in the squad and it was a heartwarming way to end the tournament.

It was a good sporting game played at a good tempo but with relatively few chances. Two players were booked: NÛK's Aili Pedersen for a late lunge which took out her opponent, and, perhaps a little more unusually, GSS' Nuunu-Marie Lukassen for leaving the field without the referee's permission to put on a pair of leggings.

NÛK are a good side, and have improved from last year; many of the players are at, or are approaching, the peak of their careers and the team has gelled well, playing some good football into the bargain. They have a clutch of young players who featured in this tournament alongside those already mentioned here, such as Dahl, Black and Pedersen - plus, of course, Arnaq Egede, who was the team's top scorer and who proved her worth in the group stage - and they will be there or thereabouts for the foreseeable future.

As, of course, will GSS. Perhaps they weren't quite as convincing as in 2018, but they deservedly won the 2019 championship and have a formidable squad. Asii Kleist Berthelsen is enjoying a successful career in Denmark with Fortuna Hjørring (she is also now a Danish under-16 international) and comes back to Greenland during the off-season to play for the girls in green.

Apart from being a terrific distributor of the ball, she still knows where the goal is, as does the lively Najaaja Anja Lyberth; others, such as Juanita Fleischer, Nunuu-Marie Lukassen and Pillunguaq Broberg, can also score goals but there is so much more to their play. They also have a strong trio of Hansen, Ulla Kleist and Andrea Andreassen Karlsen in defence, playing in front of a very competent goalkeeper in Nivi Pedersen. GSS are probably also the fittest team in local women's football; moonlighting as a team of national handball champions certainly does no harm, either.

All augurs well for both GSS and B-67 for this year's tournament, which, the Corona virus notwithstanding, will take place in Sisimuit in the last week of July. It will be difficult to envisage the tournament without either team. One can understand the KAK's decision to limit participation in the women's tournament to four teams, especially with factors such as travel costs rising, the population of East Greenland decreasing and the unwillingness of spectators to watch one-sided matches, but it can only be to the long-term detriment of the women's game in Greenland if only four teams compete in the final stages of a national championship.

There is a steadily increasing pool of female talent in the country, and the only way for that to increase further and improve is to give more teams the chance to take part in tournaments, to give them something to aim for. Might sending an East Greenland combination, drawn from all of the clubs on the east coast, be an option in future?


29/07/19 NÛK 11:0 B-67 (Arnaq Egede 5, Pilu Chemnitz 3, Aili Pedersen 2, Karo Dahl)
29/07/19 GSS 7:1 I-69 (Najaaja Anja Lyberth 2, Asii Kleist Berthelsen 2, Nunuu-Marie Lukassen 2, Aviana Kajangmat; Paneeraq Fleischer)
30/07/19 GSS 15:0 B-67 (Asii Kleist Berthelsen 7, Nuunu-Marie Lukassen 3, Juanita Fleischer 2, Pilunnguaq Broberg 2, Karla Marcussen)
30/07/19 NÛK 6:0 I-69 (Arnaq Egede 2, Emma Hansen 2, Aili Pedersen, Karo Dahl)
31/07/18 B-67 0:18 I-69 (Mikkala Tobiassen 5, Patricia Semionsen 3, Niviaq Lange 3, Maila Clasen 2, Monika Iversen 2, Linda Løvstrøm 2, Mona Jensen)
31/01/19 GSS 3:1 NÛK (Asa Kleist Berthelsen 3; Arnaq Egede)



I-69 14:1 B-67 (Evi Lerch 3, Karen-Louise Vetterlain 3, Maila Clasen 2, Mikkala Tobiassen 2, Linda Løvstrøm, Pilunnguaq Magnussen, Niviaq Larsen, Magdalina Lange OG; Ina Lynge Pedersen)

I-69: 1 Mona JENSEN; 5 Monika IVERSEN, 7 Mikkala TOBIASSEN, 8 Linda LØVSTRØM, 11 Patricia SEMIONSEN (9 Karen-Louise VETTERLAIN), 12 Karla MØRCH (wore 16)(26 Ivalo JØRGENSEN), 14 Evi LERCH (3 Niviaq LARSEN), 15 Heidi JENSEN (C), 18 Maila CLASEN, 23 Paneeraq FLEISCHER (2 Marie BROBERG), 34 Pilunnguaq MAGNUSSEN (6 Monica MATHIESSEN)

B-67: 71 Paornannguaq JESSEN; 5 Tippu Ajaaja GEISLER (10 Nivi VINTHER), 7 Marie MARTINSEN (wore 16) (18 Magdaline LANGE), 8 Sara Maria KREUTZMANN, 9 Arnannguaq OLSEN (19 Juliet EGEDE), 11 Nivinnguaq RASMUSSEN, 17 Ina LYNGE PEDERSEN, 28 Aia JEPPSON (6 Milla STEENHOLDT), 33 Laakki EGEDE (C), 78 Louise JAKOBSEN (wore 2), 84 Laura LYNGE (1 Agot LARSEN)

YELLOW CARD: Linda Løvstrøm (I-69)


GSS 3:1 NÛK (Asii Kleist Berthelsen 2, Najaaja Anja Lyberth; Victoria Black)

GSS: 8 Nivi PETERSEN; 2 Nuunu-Marie LUKASSEN, 3 Andrea KARLSEN, 6 Asii KLEIST BERTHELSEN, 7 Ulla KLEIST, 10 Nivi FLEISCHER BERTHELSEN (11 Vivi FLEISCHER), 13 Karla MARCUSSEN, 16 Juanita FLEISCHER, 18 Pilunnguaq BROBERG, 25 Najaaja Anja LYBERTH(C), 29 Lykke F HANSEN

NÛK: 1 Arnaalunnguaq MØRCH; 2 Lisa LIND (28 Emma HANSEN), 3 Maannguaq PEDERSEN (17 Inni KLEIST), 5 Aaqa Q MARKUSSEN (43 Pilu CHEMNITZ), 7 Karo DAHL (C), 9 Aili PEDERSEN, 10 Christina V LANGE, 13 Annica Q JENSEN, 14 Arnaq B EGEDE (22 Ajaana KLEEMANN), 15 Laila BRANDT, 18 Victoria BLACK

YELLOW CARD: Nuunu-Marie Lukassen (GSS); Aili Pedersen (NÛK)




SQUADS (where known)

B-67: 1 Agot LARSEN, 71 Paornannguaq JESSEN; 2 Rasmine BERTHELSEN, 5 Tippu Ajaaja GEISLER, 6 Milla STEENHOLDT, 7 Marie MARTINSEN, 8 Sara Maria KREUTZMANN, 9 Arnannguaq OLSEN, 10 Nivi VINTHER, 11 Nivinnguaq RASMUSSEN, 17 Ina Lynge PEDERSEN, 18 Magdaline LANGE, 19 Juliet EGEDE, 21 Johanne THORNING, 28 Aia JEPPSEN, 33 Laakki EGEDE, 61 Aili Liimakka LAUE, 65 Najaaraq NIELSEN, 72 Nivi MATHIASSEN, 78 Louise JAKOBSEN, 84 Laura LYNGE


I-69: 1 Mona JENSEN; 2 Marie BROBERG, 3 Niviaq LARSEN, 5 Monika IVERSEN, 6 Monica MATHIESSEN, 7 Mikkala TOBIASSEN, 8 Linda LØVSTRØM, 9 Karen-Louise VETTERLAIN, 11 Patricia SEMIONSEN, 12 Karla MØRCH, 14 Evi LERCH, 15 Heidi JENSEN, 16 Rona SKADE, 18 Maila CLASEN, 23 Paneeraq FLEISCHER, 26 Ivalo JØRGENSEN, 34 Pilunnguaq MAGNUSSEN

NÛK: 1 Arnaalunnguaq MØRCH; 2 Lisa LIND, 3 Mannguaq PEDERSEN, 4 Aili H PLATOU, 5 Aaqa Q MARKUSSEN, 6 Camilla ????, 7 Karo DAHL, 8 Ungaaq AMONDSEN, 9 Aili PEDERSEN, 10 Christina LANGE, 11 Aviana BJEREGAARD, 13 Annica JENSEN, 14 Arnaq EGEDE, 15 Laila BRANDT, 17 Inni KLEIST, 18 Victoria BLACK, 21 Oline MARTINSEN, 22 Ajaana KLEEMANN, 25 Aaqa KVIST MARKUSSEN, 28 Emma HANSEN, 43 Pilu CHEMNITZ

AUTHOR'S NOTE: The squad-lists were gleaned from the KAK website; all being well, any gaps will be filled in in due course. Any errors or omissions (and there will doubtless be a few) will be corrected as and when notified. Other information came from Sermitsiaq, KNR and Facebook.

Saturday, May 2, 2020


Football has always been a very popular sport in the tiny Mediterranean country of Malta, and the history of the game there goes back to the end of the 19th Century. However, because of the country's size and comparatively large population, space to build football facilities is limited though the number of football pitches is increasing due to a scheme involving the Malta FA, clubs and local councils to build pitches across the country. Or, that is the case on the island of Malta, at least; there are no more than a couple of pitches on Malta's smaller neighbour, Gozo.

The vast majority of football pitches in Malta are used for training; there are only a proper few football stadia in the country. International matches (and, before the MFA's accession to full membership of both UEFA and FIFA, Malta FA XI representative matches) were held at the old Empire Stadium in Gzira until it closed in 1981.

Nowadays, they - and most European club competition matches involving Maltese clubs - are generally held at the National Stadium at Ta'Qali, and not in the Maltese capital Valletta as is generally assumed by many people, including the international media. (Valletta does not possess a full-sized football pitch. Any one who has ever been to Valletta will attest to the fact that there simply isn't the room to build one.) The stadium, known in Maltese as the Grawnd Nazzjonali Ta'Qali, or, more commonly, as plain old Ta'Qali, was completed in 1980 and, according to the 2011 UEFA Handbook, can hold 17797 spectators. 

The National Stadium was envisaged as being just one part of a multi-sports complex, and this finally came to fruition in 1993 when a swimming pool, shooting range and gymnasium were built within the bowels of the stadium. This was later augmented when two squash courts and a technical centre were built. More recently, a fan shop and trophy room were built, and a museum is in the pipeline.

In 2002, the East Stand, which had fallen into a state of complete disrepair, was demolished and the Millennium Stand raised in its place. The new stand contained sky boxes, a separate spectator balcony, a café and fitness suite, and also became the new home of the MFA. A media centre, physiotherapy clinic have since been added. A new pitch was laid in 2016, replacing the old one which had been in use since the stadium was opened in 1981.

But, there is a lot more to the National Stadium and its construction than just bare facts and figures. Malta is a country which has always embraced football, and, apart from one's family, politics is possibly the only thing dearer to the heart of the average Maltese, and politics played an immense role in the creation of the stadium and in the years that followed.

There are two main political parties in Malta: the Labour Party (Partit Laburista, or PL, in Maltese) and the Nationalist Party (Partit Nazzjonalista, or PN), and relations between the two camps are often strained, to say the least, especially at a local level. Violence has been frequently used by one side against another down the years, and came to head in the 1970s, by which time the PL had taken over the reins of government with Dom Mintoff becoming prime minister in 1971.

Under Mintoff's leadership. the PL undertook a programme of welfare reform, nationalisation and internationalism, which saw Malta become more aligned with countries which had Socialist and Communist governments, and with other nations such as Tunisia and Libya, with which Malta had traditionally strong ties.

 Birkirkara fans ready themselves for a match at the National Stadium against Valletta in 2014 (Photo: Author's own)

There is a story that the construction of the National Stadium was a result of a question posed by the Libyan leader of the time, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, who had asked how could Libya assist Malta materially, as the governments of both countries had been on good terms for some years and were growing closer, both economically and ideologically. 

Ironically, it was apparently an opposition Nationalist MP, George Bonello-Dupuis, who answered Qaddafi's question by advising him that Libya provide the funds necessary to build a new stadium, and that is exactly what transpired. Bonello-Dupuis was well known in Maltese sporting circles; he had been a sprinter in his youth and had represented Malta in the first edition of the Mediterranean Games in 1951, taking part in the 100 and 200 metres track events. 

Bonello-Dupuis played football for the University FT side, Sliema Wanderers, Melita and Mosta Gunners, and served as Sliema Wanderers president from 1962 until 1987 (when he became Finance Minister in the new Nationalist Party government), and again from 1995 to 1996, so he was well-placed to state the case for improved facilities for Malta's sportsmen and women. He later served as Malta's High Commissioner to the UK, and died in 2019, aged 82.

Perhaps surprisingly, Gaddafi agreed to the proposal, which some claim had been made by the Labour Party government and its Minister for Public Works, Housing and Sport, Lorry Sant and under whose jurisdiction such a project would fall. Work on the National Stadium, which is situated on the site of a former British military airport at Ta'Qali, began in the mid-1970s and the ground was built by the Maltese government, under the guidance of a firm of local architects, with financial assistance from their Libyan counterparts to the tune of US$750000. The construction of the new stadium was seen as the first step in improving Malta's sporting infrastructure as well as providing a showpiece stadium.

Apparently, Poland and West Germany had complained about the state of the pitch at the Empire Stadium after playing European Championship fixtures at the stadium in Gzira, and UEFA were deliberating whether or not to allow the MFA to continue use the old stadium; if they had agreed with the Polish and West German FAs, the MFA would have been left with nowhere to play. In the event, UEFA had dismissed the Polish FA's concerns, but the matter only added urgency to the new stadium's construction.

The stadium was inaugurated on 14 December 1980, and an estimated 25000 people attended the ceremony, which included a march-past by athletes from Malta's sports associations. Demonstrations of various sports and pastimes, including cycling, athletics, sky-diving, a model aircraft "battle", gymnastics, karate, kite-flying and - briefly, football, courtesy of youngsters from the Marsa Sports Centre - were also included in the programme.

But, the MFA was nowhere to be seen at the opening ceremony. They and the then Labour Party government were locked in a long-running dispute concerning various topics at the time, such as the allocation of gate-money. During the inauguration, Sant lambasted the MFA in absentia for refusing to contribute any technical assistance towards building the stadium.

There is a rather curious angle to this dispute between the MFA and the Maltese government of the day, one which was distinctly more political than sporting. Malta was governed by the Labour Party - the Partit Laburista, or PL, in Maltese - at the time of the National Stadium's inauguration, whilst the MFA president, Giuseppe "JJ" Mifsud-Bonnici, also known as Ġoġo, was a Nationalist Party - Partit Nazzjonalista, or PN - supporter.

Mifsud-Bonnici had had a long association with sport before his appointment as association president in 1968; he was national chess champion in 1955, and was St. George's representative on the MFA council before his accession to Maltese football's top job. However, he became embroiled in a dispute with Sant which became more fraught as time went on, to the extent that - after receiving the assent of FIFA and UEFA - the MFA was briefly, and bizarrely, re-named the Main Football Association.

To add to the ill-feeling between the Maltese government and the MFA, Sant and his governmental department had already taken over the running of several football grounds around Malta, from Marsa to Pembroke, from St. Andrew's to Luqa, Mtarfa and Corradino before the construction of the National Stadium.

View of the West Stand at the National Stadium taken from the offices of the Malta Football Association in the Millenium Stand (Photo: Author's own)

After the MFA and the Maltese government finally buried the hatchet and set up a committee to administer gate-money and allocate grounds for football matches, the way was finally clear for the country's football clubs to use the National Stadium and the first MFA-organised football match played at Ta'Qali took place in December 1981, when Zurrieq took on Senglea Athletic in a Maltese Premier League clash. (The Empire Stadium closed its doors for the last time just a few weeks earlier.) It was also the first time that a Maltese football match was played on a grass pitch.

Having said that, there appears to be evidence that the stadium was already in use before then; newspaper reports from May of that year suggest that Valletta Vanguards played Birkirkara St. Joseph SC in the final of a competition organised by the short-lived Malta Football Federation.

Mifsud-Bonnici and the MFA refused to move their offices to the National stadium, and so it went on until he was eventually voted out of office by a majority of the country's football clubs in 1982. He was replaced by George Abela, an ex-candidate for, and a vice-president of, the PL who had married into a family of PN supporters (and was a man who went on to become Maltese president). Abela was widely seen as the man who could steer the MFA back on course after years of squabbling with the Maltese government, and he was the man who oversaw the MFA's move to the National Stadium in 1983. Mifsud-Bonnici, meanwhile, took the position of Honorary President, served on UEFA and FIFA committees, and later became Malta's Chief Justice. He died last year, aged 88.

But, there were still problems between Sant and the MFA, who were allowed to use the National Stadium. The national team are reputed to have turned up at the stadium to play an international match early in the 1980s only to find the gates locked. Sant apparently demanded that the MFA pay a fee in order to use the stadium. Abela met with Prime Minister Dom Mintoff in order to find a solution to the problem, and it was agreed that the MFA pay a yearly rental of 10000 Maltese Lira (over 5000 Euros) in order to use, and have all control over, the National Stadium.

Lorry Sant, meanwhile, continued on as Minister for Works until the PL were voted out of office in 1987; he was later expelled from the party. Sant died of cancer in 1995, and he still divides opinion in Malta to this day. Many Maltese saw, and continue to see, him as a hero for assisting Prime Minister Dom Mintoff in pushing through a policy of welfare state reform and Socialist internationalism in the country. At the same time, he was deeply unpopular within Malta and is still regarded by many as nothing more than a gangster, a corrupt thug who was not above using blackmail and third parties with a propensity towards violence in order to get his way. In 2010, Sant was posthumously found to have violated the human rights of a government employment during the 1970s.

Sliema Wanderers take on Birkirkara at the National Stadium in 2015; the Millenium Stand and the MFA offices are on the far side (Photo: Author's own)

Most controversially of all, but never fully proven, Sant was accused of possessing photographs of Mintoff and his brother's wife - in what was described in an article in the Malta Today newspaper in 2015 as a "compromising dalliance" - and placing them on the Maltese parliament's Speaker of the House's table in a show of theatre in 1989 directed at Mintoff's nephew, Wenzu, who was a sitting MP, and perhaps at Mintoff himself. Daphne Caruana Galizia, a Maltese journalist and avowed PN supporter who was murdered in a car-bomb attack in 2017, was perhaps the first person to openly publish the allegation, the day after Mintoff, a man, like Sant, revered and reviled in equal measure in Malta, and who had turned a blind eye to Sant's activities for so long - in fear of his supposed infidelity being revealed, perhaps? - died in 2012.

But, back to the present day, and plans are apparently afoot to redevelop the stadium further, which is slowly but surely becoming rather ramshackle, especially the North and South Stands, which are rarely used, to the extent that they are, in parts, becoming ever so slightly overgrown. Under FIFA's Goal programme, much of the seating in both stands is being (or has been) replaced, and it may come to pass that both stands will be razed and new stands, situated directly behind the goal-lines, will be built, with a new Futsal mini-stadium being built in the vacant space behind one of the stands. A new technical centre is slated to be built, as are stands for the training pitches.

If the plans come to fruition, the new facilities will surely be a boon to football in Malta; their eventual construction may well be the impetus needed to improve Maltese fortunes on the pitch. What must be beyond dispute is that that they are both sorely needed and long overdue.
AUTHOR'S NOTE: Information for the above article was gleaned from a host of different sources: Malta Today, the Times of Malta, the Malta Independent, Facebook and Wikipedia. "Global and Local Football: Politics and Europeanisation on the Fringes of the EU" and Football Cultures and Identies" (both written by Gary Armstrong, with Jon P Mitchell co-writing the former) were consulted, as were Carmel Baldacchino's book "Great Moments in Football" and the MFA's "100th Anniversary of the National League." As ever, any errors or omissions will, of course, be gladly corrected upon notification.